• Evolution, design and intent
  • Culture and the technologies that it supports;
  • Intellectual technologies

Cognition, emotion, perception, and beliefs are knowledge creation and knowledge navigation enablers.

Liebowitz (1999) cited the work of Tobin in structuring a four-tier hierarchy: data (+ relevance + purpose) = information (+ application) = knowledge (+ intuition + experience) = wisdom (p. 1-5).